Joseph Smith Junior, Founder and First Prophet of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, better known as the Mormon Church, made certain claims regarding the beginning of his Church which affects his first written work, the Book of Mormon.
These claims are as follows - and in this order.
A revival in 1820.
A vision (known as Joseph Smith's First Vision) which, it is claimed, took place in the Spring of 1820.
An angelic visitation on 21 September 1823.
Followed by a four year period of waiting during which Joseph was to gain "knowledge and intelligence."
The gold plates obtained by Joseph on 22 September 1827.
Translation began on 7 April 1829.
First edition Book of Mormon published: March 1830.
He felt drawn toward the Methodist's but was unsure
which church, if any, was right. This led him to go into the woods and
ask God which he should join, that is when his First Vision is said to
However, the records of all three Churches show there was no revival in that year. There WAS a revival later, it started in the Autumn of 1824 and there is abundant evidence to show that this was the revival Joseph had in mind - not an earlier one!*
Joseph was visited by an angel called Moroni (in early Mormon writings this angel was called Nephi). Moroni informed Joseph that God had a work for him to do; told him about the plates but also told him that he could not receive the plates yet; he must wait four years.
Finally, on 22 September 1827 Joseph received the plates. On 7 April 1829 Joseph began to translate them. The translation, known as The Book of Mormon, was printed and went on sale to the public in March 1830.
You may already have noticed the problem. The revival which set the ball rolling did not begin until the autumn of 1824, (that is an historical fact which can be proven).
It continued well into 1825. Joseph claimed his vision was both in the springtime, and during the revival, therefore it must have been Spring 1825.
Following that came his angelic visit; supposed to have been on the 21 September 1823 after three years of "severe persecution".
Let us be [very] generous and say the angel's visit was on 21 September 1825, the same year as his vision, (rather than 21 September 1828 which it would be if we went by Joseph's chronology).
From 21 September 1825 Joseph had to wait four years. He claimed to have received the plates on 22 September so that must have been 22 September 1829 (going by our generous time-table: if we follow Joseph's time scale it would now be September 22 1832).
Notice that even our generous timetable, which removes the intervening years between the vision and the visit, means that Joseph began translating the plates BEFORE he received them!
By his timetable the translation had been on sale for over two years before he received the plates from which to translate!
*When speaking with a Mormon about these problems you will discover that they maintain the First Vision WAS in the year 1820 as their Prophet, Joseph Smith, claimed, and therefore, they will say, these problems do not exist.
It should be remembered that Joseph Smith penned the current version (there are other versions) of his vision in 1838. Eighteen years after the supposed event. I repeat, it can be proven that the revival Joseph Smith had in mind occurred from Autumn 1824 and continued into 1825.
A brief account of some of the evidence can be read in the article entitled: Book of Mormon - Beginnings (Supplement.)
Good Tidings Ministry.